The water we use is saturated with many dissolved minerals. The amount of dissolved minerals depends on the water source and the water chemistry such as pH, oxygen content, temperature and pressure. When water is heated, its ability to hold calcium carbonate (scale) in solution is decreased. As temperature increases, calcium carbonate will begin to come out of solution and form hard water scale deposits. The diagram below shows how this causes harmful scale deposits in boilers, water heaters and other water fed equipment.
The prevention of scale buildup on heating elements, heat transfer surfaces, walls and bottoms of boilers and water heaters is a must. According to the US Bureau of Standards, ¼ inch of scale buildup on heating elements requires 55% more energy to attain the same temperature. This translates into real dollars wasted with an inefficient boiler or water heater, not to mention the added expense of scale removal or replacement of overworked equipment due to harmful scale buildup. ScaleSafe is a sequestering agent which when added to the water, binds with the scale causing minerals and keeps them in solution, thus preventing hard water scale from forming in the equipment. As shown below, ScaleSafe Home accomplishes this by making hardness molecules more soluble in water and by changing the morphology (shape) of the molecule.